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The Italian language belongs to the Romance language family and is considered to be the straight successor of Latin. The formation of the Italian language was going on the basis of Romance dialects of Italy, the ancestor of which was popular (“vulgar”) Latin. The dialect of Tuscany (the region, inhabited by Etruscans) is considered to be the basis of the Italian literary language, however many well-educated Italians of the Middle Ages called Italian the folksy language, in spite of the fact, that at that time already Petrarch, Dante and Boccaccio were writing in this dialect.
Modern Italian has official status in Italy, Vatican, San Marino and Switzerland, total number of native speakers is estimated at 70 million people, living not only in the countries, mentioned above, but also in France, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, Tunisia, Malta, Ethiopia and others. Its literary version gained such popularity quite a short time ago: after World War I active merging of territory dialects began – the soldiers from different regions had to search for opportunities to understand each other, and after World War II and introduction of universal education, the Tuscany dialect was recognized as the main for reading and writing.
The noun system in Italian language isn’t so complicated, as in Latin: there is male and female gender, case system is absent, but the system of prepositions is developed. The pronunciation in Italian isn’t considered to be difficult, and in melodiousness the expressive Italian surpasses gentle and sensual French. Vocalism of this language (i.e. the peculiarities of vowels pronunciation) is so unique, that it has its own name – “Italian type”.You can order a test translation —